Peer-to-peer is a type of Internet network that allows users of the same networking program to connect with each other and directly access shared files. This negates the need for a central point of management, making possible the trading and/or sharing of files across a network of users, each equal in their access to the network.
The most commonly used Peer-to-peer networks operating on the internet deal in the illegal distribution of copy written material. Illegal file sharing has drawn ire from watch-dog groups as well as by corporations complaining of losses due to Peer-to-peer distribution.
Some corporations are looking at the advantages of using P2P as a way for employees to share files without the expense involved in maintaining a centralized server and as a way for businesses to exchange information with each other directly.
Peer-to-peer is a communications model in which each party has the same capabilities and either party can initiate a communication session. Other models with which it might be contrasted include the client/server model and the master/slave model. In some cases, peer-to-peer communications is implemented by giving each communication node both server and client capabilities. In recent usage, peer-to-peer has come to describe applications in which users can use the Internet to exchange files with each other directly or through a mediating server.
- a definition from Whatis.com What is peer-to-peer?
- Google.com Web definitions from Google
- Whats New Media blog Peer to peer posts
Commons Based Peer Production and Virtue , YOCHAI BENKLER http://www.nyu.edu/projects/nissenbaum/papers/jopp_235.pdf
The Impact of P2P and Peer Production on our Economy, Society and our Digital Media Future http://yuri.typepad.com/yuri_blog/2007/08/the-impact-of-p.html