Vannevar Bush was an engineer and early computer scientist, known primarily within new media as the father of the Memex concept, a plan for a device that would make information retrieval easy and accessible for all users. The idea for the Memex preceeding, and some believe inspired, the development of many new media forms including the Internet, World Wide Web, Wikis, speech recognition systems and in general the ubiquitous personal computing era.


  • 1922, Principles of Electrical Engineering.
  • 1929, Operational Circuit Analysis.
  • 1945, July, "As We May Think", Atlantic Monthly[1].
  • 1945, Science: The Endless Frontier, a report to president Roosevelt outlining his proposal for post-war U.S. science and technology policy
  • 1946, Endless Horizons, a collection of papers and addresses.
  • 1949, "Modern Arms and Free Men", a discussion of the role of science in preserving democratic institutions.
  • 1967, Science Is Not Enough
  • 1970, "Pieces of the Action", an examination of science and the state.


Zachary, G. Pascal, 1999. Endless Frontier: Vannevar Bush, Engineer of the American Century. MIT Press.

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